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From 24 December 1944 to 13 February 1945, the city was besieged during the Battle of Budapest.
Budapest suffered major damage caused by the attacking Soviet and Romanian troops and the defending German and Hungarian troops.
Between 18 the proportion of Hungarians increased from 35.6% to 85.9%, Hungarian became the dominant language, and German was crowded out. In 1918, Austria-Hungary lost the war and collapsed; Hungary declared itself an independent republic (Republic of Hungary).
In 1920 the Treaty of Trianon partitioned the country, and as a result, Hungary lost over two-thirds of its territory, and about two-thirds of its inhabitants, including 3.3 million out of 15 million ethnic Hungarians.).
There are two monuments for Wallenberg, one for Carl Lutz and one for Giorgio Perlasca in Budapest.
It was this compromise which opened the second great phase of development in the history of Budapest, lasting until World War I.
In 1849 the Chain Bridge linking Buda with Pest was opened as the first permanent bridge across the Danube and in 1873 Buda and Pest were officially merged with the third part, Óbuda (Old Buda), thus creating the new metropolis of Budapest.
Following the liberation of Hungary from Nazi Germany by the Red Army, Soviet military occupation ensued, which ended only in 1991.
The Soviets exerted significant influence on Hungarian political affairs.